Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Gender, Sexual, And Sexual Harassment And Assault Response...

In 2014 the United States Army began opening Combat Military Occupational Specialties to women. This effort culminated in April of 2016 with the opening of the Infantry to women. The integration of women into combat roles in the force present difficult challenges to the Non-Commissioned Officers (NCO) Army wide. These challenges include the potential increase in gender discrimination, sexual harassment and sexual assaults. NCOs will have to rely on their ability to implement the Core Leader Competencies (Leads, Develops and Achieves) to ensure the successful integration of women. The greatest challenge will be in developing cohesive teams while ensuring the Army’s Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) program is†¦show more content†¦The core leader competency ‘Develops’ is broken into four key objectives: create a positive environment, prepare self, develop others and be a steward of the profession. The behaviors associated with these objectives are essential to the successful implementation of the Army SHARP program. Creating a positive environment decreases the risks of disciplinary issues in general. When an NCO is familiar with the required reporting procedures and available support programs they can more effectively train their Soldiers in what needs to be done given a situation that requires intervention. By passing the knowledge of how to handle situations to subordinates a NCO is ensuring the next generation of leaders carry on the ideals of the profession. When all of these objectives are met the unit becomes an environment where all personnel can be assured that not only their leaders, but also their peers will be invested in their wellbeing. When an NCO creates a positive climate, continually prepares themselves to respond to any situation and successfully develops others they improve the organization for the long term. This is the ultimate goal when an NCO embraces their role as a steward of the profession. Being a steward of the profession is simply maintaining the traditions and enforcing the standards of conduct. This is imperative in the future as women start to be integrated into combat roles.Show MoreRelatedSHARP in the Military Work Force Essay1701 Words   |  7 PagesWell-being of the force, military discipline, and conduct, the Army Equal Opportunity (EO) Program, and the Army Sexual Assault Victim Program.â€Å" For a long time, the Army’s EOP Equal Opportunity Program had been involved in taking care of the issues of Sexual harassment in the work force. Now the Army has instituted the SHARP Program; the Sexual Harassment / Assault Recovery and Prevention program. My research begins to ask the question; why is this program now separate from the Equal OpportunityRead MoreThe United Nations ( 1993 ) Defines Violence Against Women1618 Words   |  7 PagesUnited Nations (1993) defines violence against women as: â€Å"Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. While women are not the only victims of sexual violence, Perreault Brennan (2010) state â€Å"of the sexual assaults reported by respondents to the GSS, 70% involved a female victim†Read MoreSexual Harassment903 Words   |  4 Pages UC Implements New Procedures for Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment On September 1, 2017, University of California implemented a new systemwide procedure for the investigation, disposition, and adjudication of sexual violence and sexual harassment cases under the UC Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Policy (â€Å"SVSH Policy†) as it relates to faculty and non-represented academic appointees. Each UC campus created local procedures to define the process for the investigation and adjudication ofRead MoreThe Systemic Prevalence Of Sexualized Violence Plaguing Post Secondary Campuses Within British Columbia Essay1510 Words   |  7 Pagesinstitutions to establish and implement stand-alone sexual misconduct policies. This policy plays an important role in addressing the bigger issue of rape culture and the institutionalization and normalization of it in our society. Post-secondary institutions are in need of a coordinated approach to the prevention and intervention of sexual assault, and campus policies are a core component of this (Gunraj, A, Celia,W, et al.,2014,4). Sexual assault and violence against anyone should not be toleratedRead MoreGender Harassment And The Workplace1465 Words   |  6 Pages(Bimrose, 2004, p. 110). Sexual harassment represents one important instrument for maintaining occupational separation for women in the workplace. Nevertheless, two legislative Acts in the UK that victims can use to confront it are the Sex Discrimination Act (SDA) of 1975 and the Employment Rights Act (ERA) of 1996. Under the SDA, sexual harassment is illegal if it can be construed as sex discrimination and distinguishes between direct and indirect discrimination with sexual harassment identified as a formRead MoreSexual Harassment in the Workplace against Women1569 Words   |  6 Pagesstaffer was well known and the source of the office’s sexual jokes (Women’s Rights).† The main cause here is that supervisors are often perpetrators, and often are not qualified for their job title as they appear to be. â€Å"Sexual harassment in the workplace is only there because the people at the top condone it and maybe practice it themselves (Jim Vince).† There are two types of sexual harassment in the workplace. One type is Quid pro quo: Sexual harassment that occurs when a job benefit is linked to whetherRead MoreGender-Based Violence Essay2047 Words   |  9 PagesGender Base Violence ENG 122 Alfred Penny Jr. Saint Leo College Gender-based Violence Gender-based violence is understood, explained, or justified in terms of gender roles, gender difference, or gender inequality. Most of the violence is perpetrated by men against women. Gender-based violence is often physical abuse, often involving sexuality, but it may also be psychological. Violence against women occurs in every segment of society. It doesn’t matter what class your in (upperRead MoreSexual Harassment And The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Essay1590 Words   |  7 PagesScott St. Clair Gina Olmo December 15, 2016 Background of Sexual Harassment Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination. Federal law as well as various state fair-employment laws prohibit employers with 15 or more employees from treating members of one sex or race differently from members of the opposite sex or another race in terms, conditions, or privileges of employment. The statutory and regulatory laws govern the entire employment processRead MoreSexual Harassment At The Military1964 Words   |  8 PagesDeborah-Sullivan-Ford 212 Women in Business organizations Sexual Harassment of Women in the Military; It is a Dirty Secret I would like to bring awareness, give insight about the actual victims, and possibly educate you about sexual harassment of women in the military. Sexual harassment can be connected to sexual assault, beginning in one form and escalating to another level. The definition of sexual harassment is: unwelcome sexual harassment behavior of a sexual nature that is related to one’s job or work surroundingsRead MoreSexual Assault Policies2167 Words   |  9 PagesGang Rape, Male Bonding, and the Silencing of Women† 1 in every 4 women attending college will be the victim of sexual assault at some point during her academic career. Or in another study reported in the â€Å"The sexual Victimization of College Women† there are 35.3 incidents of sexual assault in a group of 1,000 women in a time span of 6.91 months (Statistics). Obviously sexual assault is a huge problem that should be taken very seriously. Some colleges have wonderful programs put in place that

Friday, May 15, 2020

Immigration And Nationality Act Of 1965 Essay - 1730 Words

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 removed the national quota system for immigrants and allowed a new wave of immigrants from Asia, who were severely restricted from entering the U.S. prior to this change.1 The seven-category preference system created by this act allowed millions of people, including my uncle, Abdur Razzak Talukder, to immigrate to the U.S. The new wave of immigration after 1965, like the immigration of different periods of American history, raised questions about the willingness and ability of new immigrants into assimilate to the American society.2 Assimilation to the American society is only not about learning English, adopting an American-sounding name, or obtaining American citizenship, but it is also about making the U.S. as a home by being invest in American society and political process, seeing other Americans as fellow nationals, and developing a new identity. While many view the process of assimilation of immigrants as a straight-line path which en ds by obtaining American citizenship, I would argue that this process is actually a long and complex path of overcoming various obstacles, discovering new cultures, and changing the way one view oneself. Although my uncle’s decision of immigrating to the U.S. was primarily motivated by the desire to achieve political and economic freedoms, it became a struggled journey, in which he overcame the challenges of discriminations, redefined himself due to social pressures to become Americanized,Show MoreRelatedImmigration And Nationality Act Of 19651496 Words   |  6 Pagesher board exams and passed, thus establishing her permanent residence in the United States. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 â€Å"eliminated the various nationality criteria† while substituting it with â€Å"a system based primarily on family reunification and needed skills† (Center for Immigration Studies), which is how Jaybelle received an H-1B visa under the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. Programs sought after foreign nurses to fill in labor shortages in America. For example, JaybelleRead MoreTheu.s. Immigration And Nationality Act Of 1965925 Words   |  4 PagesThe U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, also known as Hart-Cellar Act, represents the most significant period in the history of Asian Americans. Decades of continuous exclusion and racist immigration policies, came to an end with the adoption of the Act, which resulted in unprecedented flows of immigrants from Asia, Mexico, Latin America, and other countries immigrating to U.S. Most influential proved to be the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s, which brought nati onal and internationalRead MoreThe Voting Rights Act Of 19651288 Words   |  6 Pagesthe year 1965; these changes positively impacted the minority community. During this year, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act and the Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 helped enforce the 15th Amendment and prohibited racial discrimination in voting. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 abolished quotas based on nationality and allowed Americans to sponsor relatives from their countries of origin. The Voting Rights Act and the Immigration and NaturalizationRead MoreImmigration And Nationality Act Of 1952 Essay1223 Words   |  5 PagesImmigration Immigration to the United States has become a significant public and political debate, questions primarily surrounding inflow, roles in the labor market, admission policies, benefits, and costs. In 1952, Congress proposed and passed the Immigration and Nationality Act, also known as the McCarran-Walter Act, to revise the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and nationality. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, signed by President Truman, was initially drafted to excludeRead MoreImmigration Reform Is Needed For Our Country880 Words   |  4 PagesImmigration reform is desperately needed for our country; otherwise unauthorized immigration will continue to be on the forefront of our country’s problems. Obtaining a visa for any reason has become an extremely difficult process, and many immigrants do not even qualify to apply. There are approximately 11.3 million undocumented immigrants in the United States. Prior to 1882, when the Chinese Exclusionary Act was passed, the United States had open borders. Immigration was further restricted withRead MoreThe Hot Topic of Immigration Essay791 Words   |  4 PagesImmigration remains to be a hot topic. There are many issues to consider but let’s look at stereotypes and regulatory control issues. Just what are some of the stereotypes about the economic impact of immigration in the United S tates? We have all heard that immigrants are taking jobs away from Americans. This stereotype is based on two fallacies: that there are a fixed number of jobs to go around, and that foreign workers are direct substitutes for citizens (Dangelo 236). The truth is that immigrantsRead MoreThese Quotas Made It Very Clear On Who Was And Was Not1628 Words   |  7 Pagesto protect against those fears. The quotas allowed for those reservations to hide behind numbers set by the government. The 1924 Johnson-Reed Act exposed the anxieties Americans were feeling about the ‘outsider’. Through the government and the passage of this act, the government was able to give the American people a sense of security. The Walter McCarren Act of 1952 addressed the unease of society and the government over immigrants who could not fit in to the social order of the United States. ThereRead MoreImmigration Policies During Mexican Immigration Across The Border From The Mid 20th Century Into The 21st Century1627 Words   |  7 Pages To what extent have United States immigration policies contributed to the fluctuating trends in Mexican immigration across the border from the mid-20th century into the 21st century? Alejandra Estrada Professor Sarah Lischer POL 251 To what extent have United States immigration policies contributed to the fluctuating trends in Mexican immigration across the border from the mid-20th century into the 21st century? This report is centralized around two main arguments. The first argumentRead MoreThe Segregation Of The United States938 Words   |  4 PagesJohnson-Reed Immigration Act of 1924 limited the number of immigrants allowed in the U.S. based on a racial census and completely excluded Asian immigrants. Only 2% of the total number of people of each nationality as of the 1890 national census received visas. This led to a divide within immigration because some races were more abundant than others, and as a result, a new racial map was formed. The Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) banned Chinese immigrants from entering the United States. This act also ledRead MoreEssay about The Dilemma of Immigration Philosophy967 Words   |  4 PagesThe legal and moral issues concerning immigration have been debated for countl ess of times since their booming popularity during the 19th century. People who believe that it is morally wrong for a country to deny immigration status argue that immigration promotes democracy, egalitarianism and libertarianism. On the other hand, people who believe that countries have every right to deny people who seek immigration argue that immigration taints the cultural roots of a country, weakens national security

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Journal Article Review of ‘Performance-Reward...

A Journal Article Review of ‘Performance-Reward Instrumentalities and the Motivation of Retail Salespeople’ (Teas, 1982) BSc International Business and Languages: Understanding Global Organizations Dr. Seamus Kelly Kate Moynihan DT557 C07530340 Word Count: 2101 words Anti-Plagiarism Declaration I hereby certify that this material, which I now submit for assessment as a continuous assessment project in Understanding Global Organizations on the course DT557/4 is entirely my own work and has not been submitted in whole or in part for assessment for any academic purpose other than in fulfilment for that stated above. Signed: †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. Date: †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ Article Outline The journal article†¦show more content†¦They affirm that within retail there are three types of employees – transitional workers, core employees and career workers and have discovered a link between motivation and work etiquette in the lives of employees. Critical Evaluation I felt that the article that I have chosen has distinguished many appropriate features of components of employee motivation and the instrumentalities composed in them. Although certain features are lacking in parts, I felt that it was a worthwhile, original contribution to the subject and portrays a vivid picture on how management should regard employees that enables members of staff to exert themselves and bring about a rewarding and nourishing working life. Timeline The principal article was written over a decade ago, as was the article that was written by Woodward, Cassill and Herr. Although the fundamentals are similar certain tolerance must be allowed for, as human resource beliefs, practices and operations have changed dramatically since then. I found that the research has been conducted quite thoroughly and that Teas expanded on his ideas using adequate definitions of specified elements. Customer attitudes towards retail workers In his introduction, Teas portrays that â€Å"a customer’s perception of service byShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesIntroduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Diversity in Organizations 39 Attitudes and Job Satisfaction 69 Emotions and Moods 97 Personality and Values 131 Perception and Individual Decision Making 165 Motivation Concepts 201 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 239 3 The Group 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Foundations of Group Behavior 271 Understanding Work Teams 307 Communication 335 Leadership 367 Power and Politics 411 Conflict and Negotiation 445 FoundationsRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management View.Pdf Uploaded Successfully133347 Words   |  534 Pages... 440 SUMMARY............................................................. 446 NOTES.................................................................. 451 Strategy Implementation: Reward and Development Systems...................................................................452 STRATEGICALLY ORIENTED PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS ...................................... 467 STRATEGICALLY ORIENTED COMPENSATION SYSTEMS .............................................................. 480 EMPLOYEE

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Biomedical Engineering Vascular Resistance of the Heart

Questions: By consulting an appropriate text or on-line resource, obtain relevant data and hence estimate the vascular resistance of the following organs:1) The heart (i.e. the coronary circulation) 2) The brain 3) One kidney 4) Both kidneys 5) The liver Answers 1. Vascular resistance of the heart : The circulation of the blood in the blood vessel of the heart muscle is called coronary circulation. The role of coronary artery is to deliver oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle. To remove the blood which are deoxygenated is the role of cardiac vein. The coronary arteries are compressed by heart muscle during systole (Chilian, 2012). So the blood flow is more to left ventricle during diastole and less during systole. During systole blood flow of coronary to the right side is not affected. 2. Vascular resistance of a brain: The intracranial pressure (IPC) is increase by increasing the volume of its constituents. For increased ICP cerebrospinal fluid produces more compensation. The blood supply from vertebral arteries and internal carotid is received by the brain. Whole amount of blood of brain is very small. It is contained in the pial veins and venous sinuses. 3. Vascular resistance of one kidney: Left and right renal artery enter into the kidney. The blood present in kidney less than 0.5% of total body mass (Evans, Stevenson and Anderson, 2000). 4. Vascular resistance of both kidneys: The blood is received by the kidneys from the renal arteries. And arteries pass into the kidneys from the abdominal aorta. There are several branches in the arteries within the kidney tissues. The largest vein is inferior vena cava. It supplies the blood to heart. 22% of the cardiac out put is received by the kidneys. 5. Vascular resistance of liver: The two blood supply sources present in the liver. Oxygeneted blood is delivered by the hepatic artery. Venous blood is collected by the portal veins. References: Chilian, W. (2012).Coronary circulation. San Rafael: Morgan Claypool. Evans, R., Stevenson, K. and Anderson, W. (2000).The renal circulation. Stamford, Conn.: JAI Press.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Argumentative Writing with Stylistic Devices

Argumentative Writing with Stylistic Devices Argumentative Writing with Stylistic Devices The fact that argumentative papers are actually the most difficult papers to write is very common. However, there are many things involved in writing such. On many occasions when you are putting up an argument, people are not buying what you are writing or saying just because it is the truth. Readers usually tend to look at the beauty of what you are putting into words and how sophisticated and stylish it is. This is why you have to do everything possible to garnish your argumentative paper with numerous stylistic devices. There are many of them, but we will treat only 7 of the most popular ones. Rhetorical question This is actually one of the best stylistic devices you can attract attention to your argument with. It is the concept of asking questions for the simple sake of making an effect, and not because you need an answer. It is used to emphasize a thing that is already known, and it does the job of drawing attention or making the audience reflect over the mentioned issue. For example, who will defend the poor if the government does not involve itself in it?. Metaphor This is another great stylistic device. Here, you try to identify a word or phrase as a similar thing to something it does not have any relationship with. It is still a rhetorical tool used to draw attention to a particular situation. It simply highlights the similarities between the two, which may not be existent after all. An example of a metaphor is orange is the new black. Parallelism This is another great device you must form the habit of using here. You try to draw some parallel between parts of the same sentence. It involves using similar structure/construction in several clauses. This is mainly used to give a good pattern to the passage. An example is what you do in the dark will be revealed, what you do in the open will be revealed. Irony Irony is a good device that entails using an expression to give an opposite meaning. Here, what you say is exactly the opposite of what you mean. This is used to show some emphasis and actually bring some level of humor to your argumentative essay. For example, I hate life because it is very sweet. Repetition Another very important device that is used in the course of argumentative essays. Here, you simply repeat words within the same poetic line or within the same sentence in no particular order. This has a way of making the sentence or even phrases very emphatic and also beautiful to read. Many people do not see this as a stylistic device or figure of speech, but that is actually what it is. For instance what is worth doing is worth doing well. Personification This is described as the concept of attributing the characteristics of human beings to animals and inanimate objects. You make it look as if they have human feelings and behavior. This will always make your narrative more lively and interesting. And that is what your argumentative essay needs to make it less official-like and more reader-friendly. An example is â€Å"The proofs hang over this statement to crash it when the time comes. Hyperbole This is the stylistic device for argumentative writing that is also known as deliberate exaggeration. It is seldom used, and it simply means the use of highly exaggerated terms to draw emphasis and attention to your message. An example is The room was seemingly capable of holding millions of people. So, all in all if you are good at argumentative paper writing without these stylistic devices, it’s certainly more than great. But, in case you are eager to emphasize the message and strengthen your persuasion, these are the tools you must use. Make your academic writing more efficient with the means of stylistics.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Recovering Energy from Waste

Recovering Energy from Waste Background Waste management is one of the fundamental issues that are raising concern among the policy makers within the Victorian State in Australia. According to Parkinson (2007, p. 85), the amount of waste materials produced by households and companies in Australia has been consistently on the rise over the past few decades due to the increasing population in this country.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Recovering Energy from Waste specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the past, the Victorian government did not see the relevance of enacting strict policies to help in the management of waste because it never considered it a major issue. However, the events that have taken place in the last thirty years or so have forced this government to redefine its focus towards waste management. It realized that this issue could no longer be ignored anymore. Action had to be taken to protect the environment in order to achieve s ustainability. Some of the approaches that were used before in managing wastes could no longer be used because they were unsustainable. For this reason, the government has enacted a number of legislation and policies to help define the approach that should be taken to manage wastes within this country. Recovering of energy from waste materials has been seen as the best alternative to managing waste other than disposing them to landfills. The Victorian Organic Resource Recovery Strategy is one of the initiatives by the Victorian Government that focuses on how to recover energy from waste materials. In this essay, the researcher will focus on discussing how energy recovery from wastes is more beneficial than disposal in the landfills within the Victorian state. Aim of the study Waste management is a global issue that is causing concern in various parts of the world. Here in Australia, the government has been trying to find the best solution to this problem. The Victorian government ha s been keen on developing policies, which may be of help in waste management. In this essay, the researcher aims at identifying how wastes can be turned into energy as a way of addressing this problem. Analysis of the Issues According to Smith (2010, p. 45), managing of wastes in the modern world is taking a new approach. In the past few years, some of the developed countries considered sending waste materials overseas to the developing nations for recycling. However, the issue of waste management in these developing countries is a concern, and this means that countries have to find a local solution to this local problem. The Victorian government has taken the initiative of finding a local solution to this local problem. Over the past decade, government has been pushing a number of agendas on waste management that can be summarized in the diagram below.Advertising Looking for essay on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Figure 1: Waste Management Initiatives Source (Roberts 2014, p. 84) As shown above, the government has been pushing for reduction in the production of waste materials as the best solution in managing this problem. It is the first step towards having an environment that is free from pollution. However, it is a fact that the society cannot avoid producing waste in totality. In this case, the second policy of re-use becomes very useful. In this area, the government is creating awareness among the populace that it is environmentally beneficial to reuse some of the wastes as plastic bags instead of disposing them soon after they are used for the first time. This will help in minimizing wastes in the environment. When the product can no longer be re-used anymore, the next step would be to recycle the material instead of letting it go into waste. Recycling increases the usefulness of these products before they can be disposed. It reduces the amount of domestic and i ndustrial wastes. When recycling is no longer a viable option, then energy recovery comes in as an alternative to disposing the material. It is important to note that the recovery involves tapping of energy from the material that has been considered completely non-useful. This will be the focus of this study. The last stage that the whole system is trying to avoid is the disposal into the landfill because of the obvious health hazards.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Recovering Energy from Waste specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Policies Enacted By the Government to Promote Resource Recovery The Environment Protection Act 1970 is seen by many as the basis of all other government policies on managing wastes in this country (Hinrichs 2014, p. 72). Under section 50 CA, the Victorian government provides policies on how various stakeholders can participate in waste management and resource recovery in order to reduce the b urden of wastes on the environment. Nee and Ong (2013, p. 119) say, â€Å"The Victorian Waste and Resource Recovery Policy remains one of the best government-led initiatives in combating wastes.† This policy seeks to find a way of turning waste materials into resources that can be used to drive the economy. The government- through various departments- has been struggling with the impacts of waste materials on the society. These wastes are a serious threat to public health, besides the negative consequences they have in the environment. This ambitious government policy focuses on turning the problem into a solution. According to Shrivastava (2003, p. 58), waste materials have the potential of producing energy that can be used to run engines, provide lighting, and many other benefits if the tapping is done appropriately. According to Plitch (2008, p. 51), the Environment Protection (Industrial Waste) Act 1985 was enacted as an amendment to the 1970 laws on environment to bring more focus on waste management using local solutions. This Act specifically focused on the management of industrial wastes. It promoted the idea of large industries using their wastes to harness energy instead of releasing it to the environment. According to Hinrichs (2014, p. 89), it is through this policy that many manufacturers of sugar realized that they can produce enough energy to run their engines by using energy recovered from their waste products. This policy was enacted after a review conducted by the government agencies confirmed that industrial wastes were posing serious environmental threats and urgent measures were necessary to help address the problem.  The Environment Protection Act 2002 was enacted to give Environmental Protection Authority the mandate to develop policies on waste management (Roberts 2014, p. 67). This new law was enacted after it became apparent that the issue of waste management was dynamic in nature. Addressing it through Acts of parliament was not a viable process. The Victorian government, therefore, considered it necessary to hand over this responsibility to an authority that can be in the best position to develop policies at regular intervals in line with the dynamic forces in the environment.Advertising Looking for essay on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This law allows the authority full mandate to define all the policies that should be followed by the industrial sector in order to ensure that wastes are recycled. It also allows this authority to create an enabling environment where private-public partnerships can be used to spur growth of energy production from waste materials. According to Hinrichs (2014, p. 137), the Victorian government has been using this authority to identify companies that have done exceptionally well in converting their wastes into energy that is useful to them and to the society. The government always rewards these companies through material and non-material initiatives. The companies, which are able to produce more energy than they require for their local consumption can, sell the excess energy to the national grid through direct help from the government. More recently, the Victorian government enacted Environment Protection Regulations 2009 to improve on the laws that existed on industrial waste resource management (Roberts 2014, p. 125). The Act is a deliberate effort by the government to convince the industrial sector to change their perception towards wastes. Under this Act, the scope of industrial wastes goes beyond the wastes produced within a given company. It extends to wastes from consumers buying products from a given company. For instance, Coca Cola Company uses plastic bottles to sell their drinks. The plastic wastes (the used bottles) that are thrown by the consumers become a responsibility of this company. This means that the company will find a way of making its consumers use the material responsibly. The law encourages the need to find a communal solution to this problem. Importance of Energy Recovery from Wastes The global society is struggling with the problem of pollution as its effect begins to weigh heavily in some parts of the world. According to Hinrichs (2014, p. 43), major cities in China such as Shanghai and Beijing are so polluted that sometimes it forces the elderly and young individuals to stay indoors because of their vulnerability. People develop strange diseases because of the toxic substances within the environment they stay. This clearly demonstrates some of the possible consequences of pollution that this society may face. On the other hand, the cost of fuel continues to rise. Australia is forced to import oil from other countries such as Saudi Arabia at very high costs. Converting of wastes into energy is the solution to these two problems. This explains why the government has enacted several laws to guide this process. It will help the Victorian community eliminate all the health hazards from organic wastes and instead, tap energy that can be used to spur economic growth in the society. To the industrial sector, this initiative can eliminate the cost of buying energy to run their engines. To individual families, the initiative will help them generate their own power that can be used domestically or even commercially by sell ing excess power to the government. The process can be done safely and in a manner, that minimizes air pollution as much as possible. The figure below shows a waste-to-energy plant and the process involved. Figure 2: Waste-to-Energy Plant Source (Roberts 2014, p. 64) As shown in the above diagram, the energy from this plant- in the form of electric energy- is then supplied to the national grid. Conclusion From the discussion above, it is clear that we should recover energy from wastes rather than using the landfills. This initiative helps in addressing the problem of environmental pollution, besides creating additional energy to be used for domestic and industrial use. The Victorian govern has enacted laws to help govern this process. List of References Hinrichs, R 2014, Sustainable Energy Policies for Europe: Towards 100% Renewable Energy, CRC Press, Melbourne. Lawrence, W 2004, Plitch Retail Wheeling: A Paradigm Shift for Waste-to-Energy and Other Renewable Energy Facilities, Nat ural Resources Environment, vol. 9. no. 2, pp. 27-29. Nee, A Ong, S 2013, Re-engineering manufacturing for sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Springer, London. Parkinson, A 2007, Maralinga: Australias nuclear waste cover-up, ABC Books, Sydney. Roberts, B 2014, Australian Environmental Planning: Challenges and Future Prospects, ABC Books, Sidney. Shrivastava, A 2003, Wealth from waste, McMillan, London. Smith, J 2010, Renewables information: 2010, with 2009 data, OECD/IEA, Melbourne. .

Monday, February 24, 2020

Swallows and Amazons, or the Sporting Exception to the Gender Case Study

Swallows and Amazons, or the Sporting Exception to the Gender Rcognition Act - Case Study Example In that regard, the Gender Recognition Act 2004 therefore maintained that transgendered individuals be denied the opportunity to take part in sporting activities if their involvement is not encouraging to either ‘safety’ or ‘competitive fairness’. This paper reflects on the rights of the transgendered personalities, and specifically what the United Kingdom’s Gender recognition Act 2004 purports in regard to sports’, and the law’s, obscurity in obliging their participation in sports. This paper will therefore focus on the Section 19 of the Act. The s.19 of the Act facilitates various sporting bodies in prohibiting transgendered people of participation on the grounds of their ‘safety’ or ‘competitive fairness’ (Jack, 2006). This will be supported by the fact that neither ground can be established in the light of both the existing case law in transgender rights accompanied by the existing position of therapeutic ac quaintance. The possibility that s. 19 otiose is in part a consequence of being a hastily drafted provision and lately inserted to appease the sports lobby and its mouthpieces in the House of Lords. This paper is thus, a social and legal study on the Swallows and Amazons, Or the Sporting Exception to the Gender Recognition Act. ... re scrutinized, labeled and categorized in preparedness for their own, ‘Special’, Olympics at a particular moment when the informed harmony has undeniably moved away from the medical model of disability (Peter, 2005). The individuals whose bodies are outside the norms of sex gender due to their innate biology or due to the fact that they eschew the paradigm of normal manliness or femininity. Also the heterosexuality imperative that are faced with unique challenges: struggles over the sporting body which led to litigation by for instance, pregnant participations or female boxers with the aim of determining and relation of an acceptable level of the male hormone amongst female athletes. This has really aggravated the attention of the judicial field. Another area is the aspect of gay men or lesbians women who remain marginalized, in order to allow the International Olympic Committee would sanction of the use of the word ‘Olympic’ at the Gay Games. This is happe ning while the ‘Canine Olympics’, ‘Scout Olympic’, and ‘Police Olympic’ have been tolerated in the past twenty years (Jack, 2006). Sex chromatin screening was also added to the testers’ arsenal in an implicit acknowledgement in 1967 since the governing bodies did not have an interest in male imposters but instead they had an interest in females who had unusual chromosomal compositions producing testosterone not normal in women (Aileen, 2006). Various high profile athletes who had unusual chromosomal compositions had to justify through testing to their rivals who felt threatened. This is because they were viewed to have an unfair advantage to their rivals who subsequently resented their success in sporting activities (Aileen, 2006). This proved very controversial since unusual chromosomal